Since 1 January 2019, persons holding an F permit can carry out a dependent or independent gainful activity and change employment and profession, provided that this activity has been announced to the authorities. The legislator has in fact considered that it was necessary to eliminate administrative obstacles to their access to the labour market and to replace the previous authorisation procedure with a simple announcement of their activity.
N permit, asylum application booklet
Any professional activity is subject to a request for authorisation. Taking up employment is only possible after a formal positive decision from the Service de l’emploi (SDE).
As soon as the person in the asylum procedure is allocated to a canton (and leaves the federal centre), the exercise of a gainful activity is possible under certain conditions. The usual remuneration and working conditions must be respected; the hiring of an asylum seeker must not contravene the priority given by the legislation to female workers and local workers (Swiss or foreigners living in Switzerland) and nationals of the European Union.
The cantons also reserve the right to limit the activity of asylum seekers to certain economic sectors.
The commitment can be concluded within the framework of a contract of indefinite duration. However, it is interrupted if the asylum application is rejected.
As soon as a negative decision on the asylum application enters into force (is enforceable), the person no longer has the legal possibility of undertaking or continuing a gainful activity. If they are employed, they must leave it at the end of the departure period set by the Confederation.